Forced Rohingya Migration: as Challenge for Global Government and Islamic Organization in Giving Resolution
Keywords:Refugees, UNHCR, Forced Migration, Rohingya, Islamic Perspective
This research discusses how Islamic perspective and the global regime with the United Nations of the High Commission for Refugee (UNHCR) as an international organization responsible for global refugees can give solution and handle victims of forced migration experienced by ethnic Muslim Rohingya, so a question for this research is “What are Global Government and Islamic Organization on providing solutions to Rohingya forced migration in the International World?”. This is based on the ethnic cleansing efforts carried out by unscrupulous Buddhists as Myanmar community majority against Rohingya Muslim minority ethnic groups who are in Rakhine State. The ethnic cleansing efforts undertaken by ethnic Buddhists against Muslim ethnicity have become the spotlight for the international world which is a violation of human rights that occurred in it and questioned the state's responsibility in handling the case. UNHCR as an international organization responsible for refugees has a difficult task in carrying out their duties due to the increasing number of global migration crises. Forced Migration is one of the victims of human rights violations which is strictly prohibited in Islamic teachings. Human rights violations are prohibited by Islam because they take away some of the rights that should be possessed by each individual. In this case, how then Islam and the global regime provide a solution to the forced migration experienced by ethnic Rohingya Muslims. In this research, qualitative research used by library studies to identify the problem in this paper, and also human security as theoretical framework to look how the world give solutions for Rohingya migrations. From this research, global government (UNHCR) and Islamic organization look that Rohingya migrations are the forced migration which need asylum for their life, so global government give them identity for surviving.
Ahmad, A. (2006). “Human Rights: An Islamic Perspective.” PLuto Journal 3(Policy Perspective):101–12.
Askali, A. M. D. (2016) “Rohingya Crisis : The Security Implications In.” (May 2015):1–12.
Barany, Z. (2019). “The Rohingya Predicament. Why Myanmarʹs Army Gets Away with Ethnic Cleansing.” Istituto Affari Internazionali 0–27.
BBC. (2020). “Myanmar Rohingya: What You Need to Know about the Crisis.” BBC News. Retrieved May 7, 2022 (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-41566561).
Bepler, S. (2018). “The Rohingya Conflict: Genesis, Current Situation and Geopolitical Aspects.” Pacific Geographies 28(50):4–10. doi: 10.23791/500410.
Collier, A. B. and Paul. (2017). Rethinking Refugee Policy in a Changing World. New York: Oxford Uivertsity Press.
Coupland, R. (2004). “Humanity: What Is It and How Does It Influence International Law?” IRRC 83(Humanity):969–89.
Elie, J. (2014). Histories of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies. New York: Oxford Handbook Online.
European Foundation for South Asian Studies. (2018). “The Rohingya Issue – Its Wider Ramifications for South Asia.” 1–17.
Fadli, M. R. (2021). “Memahami Desain Metode Penelitian Kualitatif.” Humanika 21.
Hasan, R. A. (2019). “UNHCR Beri Kartu Identitas Pengungsi Untuk 500 Ribu Rohingya Di Bangladesh.” Liputan6. Retrieved May 7, 2022 (https://www.liputan6.com/global/read/4036730/unhcr-beri-kartu-identitas-pengungsi-untuk-500-ribu-rohingya-di-bangladesh).
Hasenclever, S. B. and Andreas. (2010). Global Governance of Forced Migration. New York: Oxford Uivertsity Press.
Head, J. (2019). “Krisis Rohingya: Perkampungan Warga Dihancurkan Untuk Pembangunan Fasilitas Pemerintahan Myanmar.” BBC News. Retrieved May 8, 2022 (https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/dunia-49643468 ).
Jaramaya, R. (2019). “Ratusan Ribu Pengungsi Rohingya Dapat Kartu Identitas.” Republika. Retrieved March 23, 2022 (https://internasional.republika.co.id/berita/pvylco382/ratusan-ribu-pengungsi-rohingya-dapat-kartu-identitas).
Kumar Mohajan, H. (2018). “History of Rakhine State and the Origin of the Rohingya Muslims.” IKAT: The Indonesian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 2(1):19–46.
Nahr, D. (2019). “About UNHCR.” UNHCR Asia Pacific 2019. Retrieved (https://www.unhcr.org/about-us.html ).
Putri, R. D. (2017). “Selain Kesehatan Fisik, Pengungsi Rohingya Harus Melawan Depresi.” Tirto.Id.
Schlein, L. (2019). “Bangladesh Dan Badan Pengungsi PBB Beri Dokumen Identitas Pengungsi Rohingya.” VOA-Asia Pasific. Retrieved April 27, 2022 (https://www.voaindonesia.com/a/bangladesh-dan-badan-pengungsi-pbb-beri-dokumen-identitas-pengungsi-rohingya/4924294.html).
Setiyono, J. (2018). “Kontribusi Unhcr Dalam Penanganan Pengungsi Internasional Di Indonesia.” Masalah-Masalah Hukum 46(3):275. doi: 10.14710/mmh.46.3.2017.275-281.
UNISDR. (2009). “Human Security in Theory and Practice, Application of the Human Security Concept and the United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security.” Un 7–8.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Ulul Albab (Author)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
An author who publishes in the Ganaya : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora agrees to the following terms:
- Author retains the copyright and grants the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal
- Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book) with the acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Author is permitted and encouraged to post his/her work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Read more about the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence here: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.