An Analysis of Maxims in the Communication Between Teacher and Students During Online Learning by Zoom
Keywords:Maxim, Communication, Online Learning
AbstractThis study is purposed to describe maxims found in the communication between teacher and students during online learning by Zoom. In addition, this study is also aimed to describe the non-observance maxims made by the teacher and students. This study applied the descriptive qualitative approach of which the data were obtained from the recordings of learning process through Zoom meeting. The data were collected by using the video recordings and the transripts. The data then were analyzed to identify the types of the maxims and the non-observance maxims first, then classifying the maxims, and the last explaining the maxims and the non-observance maxims. The maxims that occurred in teacher and students’ conversation are maxims of quality, quantity, relevance, and manner. The result of the study shows that the there are 59 maxims. There are 43,75% utterances that obey the maxim of quality, 28,12% maxim of quantity, 18,75% maxim of relevance, and 9,37% maxim of manner. The non-observance maxim occurences are 40,74% on flouting maxim, 40,74% on opting out maxim, and 18,51% on violating maxim. This result indicates that teacher and students mostly obeyed maxim of quality in their conversation. In addition, flouting maxim and opting out maxim were frequently done by the teacher and students. Further research on maxims should be conducted in more kinds of data that involve a wider circle of participants
Adebola, O.P. (2018). Cooperative Principle Maxims in Whatsapp Conversations Among Undergraduates in the Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(10): 542-557
Ary, D. et. al. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning
Birner, B. J. (2013). Introduction to Pragmatics. Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Carliner, S. and Shank, P. (2008). The E-Learning Handbook : Past Promises, Present Challenges. San Fransisco: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Grice, H. P. (1995). Studies in The Way of Words. New York: Harvard Academic Press
Hanifah, I. R. (2013). Non-Observance of Maxims in Facebook Conversation (A Case Study in English Education Department). Passage, 1(2), 135-144
Herman, H., Shara, A. M., Silalahi, T. F., Sherly, S., and Julyanthry, J. (2022). Teachers’ Attitude towards Minimum Competency Assessment at Sultan Agung Senior High School in Pematangsiantar, Indonesia. Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Vol. 11, No. 2, PP. 01-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/jct.v11n2p1
Hidayati, et. al. (2018). A Conversational Analysis of Grice’s Maxims Theories on Cooperative Principles at Undergraduate English Students. LELTJ FKIP UM Mataram 11(1)
Horn, L. R. and Ward, G. (2006). The Handbook of Pragmatics. Malden: Blackwell Publishing
Hutahaean, D. T., et. al. (2020). The Cooperative Principle Violation in Classroom Teaching Learning Process. Wiralodra English Journal (WEJ), 4(1): 82-96
Khayati, A. et. al. (2019). The Realization of Grice’s Maxims in English Teacher’s Interaction with Male and Female Students. EEJ, 9 (3): 391 – 398
Ngenget, S. (2017). A Revisit of the Gricean Maxims in Manado Malay Language. Script Journal, 2(2): 203-213
Ningsih, A. W., Sihombing, P. S. R., Silalahi, D. E., & Herman. (2022). Students’ Perception towards the Use of ICT in EFL Learning at Eleventh Grade SMA Negeri 1 Dolok Batu Nanggar. Education and Human Development Journal, 6(3), 24–36
Pardede, H., Herman, and Pratiwi, W. (2019). An Analysis of Politeness Principle Maxims Found in Big Hero 6 Movie. European Exploratory Scientific Journal, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2019, PP. 1-7
Pasaribu, S., Herman, Silalahi, D. E. (2019). The Speech Acts Between Teacher and Students in Teaching and Learning Process. Multidisciplinary European Academic Journal, Issue Vol 1 No 1.
Pebriantika, E. (2017). Conversational Implicature and Politeness Principles in Sumbawanese Daily Conversations. Jurnal Kependidikan, 16 (2): 129-134,
Safitri, M. L. et al. (2015). Observance and Non-Observance of Gricean Maxims in Instructional Context: An Analysis of EFL Classroom Interaction. Jurnal Pend. Bahasa Inggris Indonesia, 2(1)
Sherly et al. (2021). Socialization for the Implementation of E-Learning Teaching Models for Teachers and Education Staffs at SMA Sultan Agung Pematangsiantar. ABDI DOSEN: Jurnal Pengabdian pada Masyarakat, Vol. 5, No. 2, PP. 275-280, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32832/abdidos.v5i2.879
Silalahi, R., Silalahi, D. E., and Herman. (2021). Students Perception of Using Google Classroom as English Teaching Media During Corona Virus 2019 at SMA Negeri 4 Pematangsiantar. JEELL (Journal of English Education, Language and Literature), 7 (2), PP. 12-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32682/jeell.v7i2.1730
Tampubolon, E., Silalahi, D.E., Herman., Purba, L. (2020). Analysis of Flouting Maxim in Batak Toba Tradition before Wedding Ceremony “Marhata Sinamot”. Global Science Journal: GSJ: Volume 8, Issue 9, September 2020, Online: ISSN: 2320-9186
Triana, M., Herman, H., Sinurat, B., & Silalahi, D. E. (2021). An Analysis of Students Perception on the Use of Google Classroom in English Language Learning. Cetta: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(3), 607-618. https://doi.org/10.37329/cetta.v4i3.1474
Van Thao, N., Herman, Napitupulu, E. R., Hien, N. T., and Pardede, H. (2021). Code-Switching in Learning via Zoom Application: A Study in an EFL Context. Asian ESP Journal, Volume 17 Issue 3.1, March 2021
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
An author who publishes in the Cetta : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan agrees to the following terms:
- Author retains the copyright and grants the journal the right of first publication of the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal
- Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book) with the acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Author is permitted and encouraged to post his/her work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Read more about the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence here: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/.