Local Wisdom As Social Cohesion Of “Kebhinekaan” The Study Of Hindu-Islamic Relations In Eastern Indonesia


  • Suparman Jayadi Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram




Balinese Hindu and Moslem Sasak, Social Cohesion, Local Wisdom, Diversity


Local wisdom has to serve as a cultural identity, intellectual property and religion if the integrity and diversity of the Indonesian people is to remain. This research analyzes local wisdom as social cohesion of “kebhinekaan” the study of hindu-islamic relations  in Lingsar Village West Lombok, Eastern Indonesia. The Perang Topat tradition carried out by Sasak Moslems and Balinese Hindus is the analytical unit in this qualitative research. After conducting field research through observations, in-depth interviews and documentation, the data gathered was validated by comparing it with multiple sources of evidence. Furthermore, it was analyzed using the ‘Parsons' social integration theory’. The results showed that the Sasak Muslims and Balinese Hindu in Lingsar Village and West Lombok, socially integrated in the form of social practices through the traditions of the Perang Topat. Furthermore, theyco-exist peacefully and maintain similar religious communities and cultures. As at the time of this research, the Perang Topat tradition still exists as a local wisdom and symbol of social cohesion of national diversity.


Abu-Rayya,. Walker, M, H., Richard, W., Fiona, A., Hisham, M. (2016). Cultural Identification and Religious Identification Contribute Differentially to the Adaptation of Australian Adolescent Muslims. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 54:21-33

Anggriyani, D. S., & Dartanto, T. (2019). Unity in Diversity: Socioeconomic Aspects And Growth Of Conflict In Indonesia. International Journal of Business & Society, 20.

Aspinall, E. (2008). Ethnic and religious violence in Indoensia: a review essay. Australian Journal of International affairs. 62 (4): 558-572

Azra, A. (2006). Indonesia, Islam, and democracy: Dynamics in a global context. Equinox Publishing.

Bakri, H. (2015). Resolusi konflik melalui pendekatan kearifan lokal Pela Gandong di Kota Ambon. Jurnal Administrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia, 1(1), 51-60.

Bazzi, S., Gaduh, A., Rothenberg, A. D., & Wong, M. (2017). Unity in Diversity?: Ethnicity, Migration, and Nation Building in Indonesia. Centre for Economic Policy Research.

Bosswick, W., & Heckmann, F. (2006). Social Integration of Immigrants: Contribution of Local and Regional Authorities. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Condition

Cangara, S. (2012). Rekonsilasi Masyarakat Pasca Konflik: Kasus Masyarakat Poso dan Halmahera Utara. Socius: Jurnal Sosiologi XIV 41- 47

Chatterjee, I. (2006). Applying models of conflict negotiation to the Hindu‐Muslim conflict in Ahmedabad, India: Implications and lessons. International Journal of Conflict Management. 17 (02): 154-157

Coppel, C. A. (2005). Violence conflicts in Indonesia: analysis, representation, resolution. London: Routledge

Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2016). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage publications.

De, A. (2016). Spatialisation of Selves: Religion and Liveable Spaces Among Hindus and Muslim in the Walled City of Ahmedabad. City, Culture and Society 7 (3):149-154

Froshee, J. (2006). Culture and Customs of Indonesia. California: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Harnish, D. D., and Rasmussen, A. K. (2011). Divine Inspirations: Music and Islam in Indonesia. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hultkrantz, Ä. (2010). Ethnos : Journal of Religious tradition , comparative religion and folklore. Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology, (October 2014), 37–41.

Jayadi, S., & Rahmawati, R. (2020). Sasak Community’s Communicative Act in Ngelukar and Ngilahan Kaoq Rite in Lombok. al-Balagh: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi, 5(2), 295-312.

Jayadi, S., Demartoto, A., & Kartono, D. T. (2018, November). Local Wisdom as the Representation of Social Integration between Religions in Lombok Indonesia. In Annual Civic Education Conference (ACEC 2018) (pp. 27-29). Atlantis Press.

Jayadi, S., Demartoto, A., & Kartono, D. T. (2019, June). Social Integration between Islam and Hindu Adherents through Perang Topat Tradition in West Lombok Indonesia. In WESTECH 2018: Proceedings of 1st Workshop on Environmental Science, Society, and Technology, WESTECH 2018, December 8th, 2018, Medan, Indonesia (p. 378). European Alliance for Innovation.

Kersten, C. (2017). History of Islam in Indonesia: Unity in diversity. Edinburgh University Press.

Kumra, R., Parthasarathy, M., & Anis, S. (2016). Unraveling religious advertisements’ effectiveness in a multi-religious society. Journal of Indian Business Research. 08 (02): 122-142

Landecker, W. S. (1951). Types of integration and their measurement. American Journal of Sociology, 56(4), 332-340.

Makin, A. (2018). ‘Not a Religious State’ A study of three Indonesian religious leaders on the relation of state and religion. Indonesia and the Malay World, 46(135), 95-116.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldaña, J. (2018). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook. Sage publications.

Parsons, T. (1985). Talcott Parsons on institutions and social evolution: selected writings. University of Chicago Press.

Parsons, T. (2010). Social structure & person. Simon and Schuster

Şahin, İ. (2012). From Tradition To Religion: Organisational Transformation Of The London Turkish Migrant Community. Journal of World of Turks, 4(2).

Saloom, G. (2009). Dinamika Hubungan Kaum Muslim dan Umat Hindu di Pulau Lombok. Harmoni, 70–79.

Sila, M. A. (2014). Being Muslims in Bima of Sumbawa, Indonesia: practice, politics and cultural diversity.

Suprapto, S. (2017). Sasak Muslims And Interreligious Harmony: Ethnographic Study of the Perang Topat Festival in Lombok-Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Islam 11 (1): 77-98.

Wahid, A. W., Ardika, I. W. A., Mbete, A. M., & Mariyah, E. M. (2015). Ritual As Politics: Raju Cultural Practice in Plural Society of Mbawa, West Nusa Tenggara. E-Journal of Cultural Studies, 8(2).




How to Cite

Jayadi, S. (2022). Local Wisdom As Social Cohesion Of “Kebhinekaan” The Study Of Hindu-Islamic Relations In Eastern Indonesia . Jurnal Penelitian Agama Hindu, 6(2), 129–136. https://doi.org/10.37329/jpah.v6i2.1572